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新西蘭essay代寫|Stanley Spencer

瀏覽: 日期:2020-06-10

Was Spencer 'a quaint village innocent' or one of the great British artists of the 20th century?

Abstract
The aim of this dissertation is to study the life and works of artist Stanley Spencer and answer the question: Was Spencer 'a quaint village innocent' or one of the great British artists of the 20th century?  I shall implement a combination of methodology (following his life and art in episodic order), case studies (a selection of his work throughout his career), socio-historical investigation of his life (comparing Spencer to his peers) and draw conclusions based on my findings.

Introduction
Stanley Spencer was born in the village of Cookham, Berkshire on 30 June 1891.  His father William was an organist and music teacher. At an early age he developed an interest in art and was enrolled at the Maidenhead Technical Institute before attending Slade School (part of University College London) in 1908.  Four years later he exhibited his first painting John Donne Arriving in Heaven. 

The life that followed involved Spencer participating in the First World War, getting married twice (once to a lesbian), getting divorced, fathering two daughters, becoming an associate of the Royal Academy, being awarded the CBE and then receiving his knighthood.  Throughout his life there remained two constants; his love of the village of his birth, Cookham, and his love of painting.

Spencer’s love of the idyllic country life was evident from his days at Slade School as the other students mocked him by calling him ‘Cookham’ due to the frequent stories of his beloved village, and the fact that he returned home there every day.  This village label remained with him throughout his career and long after his death in 1959.  In the review of his 2001 show at the Tate Britain, art collector and writer Pernilla Holmes wrote that: “Spencer has frequently come across as a quaint village innocent, inextricably tied to small-town England.” Is this a true reflection of the artist’s life and his works?  In this dissertation I shall draw my own conclusions from my research.

The chapters in my dissertation shall mark different stages of Spencer’s life, but each one will include the canvases that he painted at the time:

Chapter One – Spencer at School
essay技巧_critical essay怎么写_expository essay範例 Having his early education in a shed at the bottom of his garden with two of his sisters as teachers, the young Spencer was taught traditional family values.  His father was a musician and this helped the young boy develop a love of the arts, something that blossomed with the help of artist Dorothy Bailey.  Attending Slade School was an achievement in itself, but this was then eclipsed by his acceptance into the Royal Academy.  In this chapter I shall look at the early influences on Spencer’s work and his social development.

Chapter Two – Spencer at War
During the First World War Spencer enlisted in the Royal Army Medical Corps working as an orderly at Beaufort Hospital, Bristol from July 1915.  In August 1916 he was posted to Macedonia before joining the Infantry in August 1917.  During the war his paintings of social realism brought home the consequences of battle.  When the Second World War began in 1939, the 47-year old painter was commissioned by the War Artists' advisory committee to paint scenes of shipbuilding at Lithgow's yard, Port Glasgow to boost the nation’s morale. 

Chapter Three – Spencer in Love 
For a man that has been labelled a ‘village innocent’, his love life is almost surreal.  He was married twice, once to a lesbian who threw him out of his house to live with her lover.  During his second marriage he had an affair with artist Daphne Charlton while staying at her (and her husband’s) house.  Spencer’s relationships are certainly and interesting insight into his work:“His discovery of sex, his marriage to Hilda Carline, his polygamous desire for Patricia Preece, his divorce from Hilda, his feeling of terrible loss over Hilda, his estrangement from Patricia, his relative poverty and homelessness (houselessness) - all of these precipitated crises of consciousness of a kind." Spencer always painted portraits of the people who meant most to him and it is intriguing to see how his vision changed not only of his lovers, but also of himself.

Chapter Four – Spencer at the Palace
Sir Stanley Spencer CBE RA Hon. D. Litt. died in 1959 but not before his life was celebrated by various honours, the most significant being his knighthood.  This did not change his personality and it was reported that, like most visionaries: “...Spencer was also a great British eccentric: when he was knighted by the Queen Mother, he took a bottle of milk and some Tate & Lyle sugar cubes in a plastic bag with him for tea.” This chapter will look at the way Spencer was perceived by his public.

Chapter Five – Spencer: Village Innocent or Avant-Garde Genius?
By writing about each period of his life I hope that I have presented his work, his thoughts and his personality enough to answer the titular question; village innocent or avant-garde genius?

Time Plan
I shall be planning to complete this dissertation over three periods.  Period one will be the time I spend sourcing the subject matter.  This will take place in libraries, galleries, on the internet and a trip to Spencer’s home village of Cookham (to the Stanley Spencer Museum).  After collation of the data I shall move onto period two; this will involve reading as much as information as possible and sorting the notes into the corresponding chapters.  The final period will be actually writing the dissertation until I am happy that I can answer the question.

essay技巧_critical essay怎么写_expository essay範例For my research I shall be sourcing various books that deal with Stanley Spencer, his works, his life and his relationships.  The bibliography below lists some of the books I shall need to complete this dissertation:

Bibliography

Alison, Jane [ed.] (1991) Stanley Spencer: The Apotheosis of Love Art Books International
Bell, Keith (1993) Stanley Spencer: A Complete Catalogue of the Works Harry N. Abrams 
Carline, Richard (1978) Stanley Spencer at War Faber and Faber
Cawthorne, Nigel (2004) Sex Lives of the Great Artists Prion Books Ltd
Christian, John [ed.] (1998) The Last Romantics: Romantic Tradition in British Art - Burne-Jones to Stanley Spencer Lund Humphries
Collis, Louise (1972) A Private View of Stanley Spencer Heinemann
Collis, Maurice (1962) Stanley Spencer: A Biography Harvill
Cooper, Emmanuelle (1994) The Sexual Perspective: Homosexuality and Art in the Last 100 Years in the West Routledge
Glew, Adrian, (2001)Stanley Spencer, Letters and Writings, 
Gogarty, Paul (2003) The Water Road: An Odyssey by Narrowboat Through England's Waterways Robson Books Ltd 
Gough, Paul (2006) Stanley Spencer: Journey to Burghclere Sansom & Company
Hauser, Kitty (2001) Stanley Spencer Princeton University Press
Hyman, Timothy & Wright, Patrick [eds.] (2001) Stanley Spencer Tate Publishing
Hayes, Colin (1964) The Scrapbook drawings of Stanley Spencer Lion & Unicorn
Little, Frank & Patrizio A., (1994) Canvassing the Clyde; Stanley Spencer & the ShipyardsGlasgow Museums
Lofthouse, Richard A. (2005) Vitalism in Modern Art C 1900-1950: Otto Dix, Stanley Spencer, Max Beckmann and Jacob Epstein Edwin Mellen Press
MacCarthy, Fiona Stanley (1998) Spencer: An English Vision Yale University Press
Neale, Hannah (2002) Stanley Spencer: Love, Desire, Faith Abbot Hall Art Gallery
Nesbitt, Judith (1992) Stanley Spencer: A Sort of Heaven Tate Publishing
Pople, Kenneth (1996) Stanley Spencer: A Life HarperCollins 
Pryor, William [ed.] (2006) Cookham and Gwen: The Complete Correspondence Between Sir Stanley Spencer and Gwen Raverat Clear Press Ltd
Rapport, Nigel (2003) I Am Dynamite: An Andean Anthropology of Power Routledge
Roberts, Miquette (2001) Stanley Spencer – Notes for Teachers Tate Publishing
Robinson, Duncan (1990) Stanley Spencer Phaidon Press
Rothenstein, Elizabeth (1962) Stanley Spencer Beaverbrook Newspapers
Rothenstein, Sir John [ed.] (1979) Stanley Spencer the Man: Correspondence and Reminiscences Elek
Spencer, Gilbert (1991) Stanley Spencer by his Brother Gilbert Redcliffe Press
Spencer, Stanley (2001) Stanley Spencer: Letters and Writings Tate Publishing
Spencer, Stanley (2002) Men of the Clyde: Stanley Spencer's Vision at Port Glasgow National Galleries of Scotland
Spencer, Stanley (1983) A Chatto & Windus Almanack Chatto & Windus
Thomas, Alison & Wilcox, Timothy [eds.] (1999) Hilda Carline: The Real Mrs. StanleySpencerLund Humphries 
Wilenski, Reginald Howard (1951) Stanley Spencer: Resurrection Pictures Fabe

 

斯賓塞的一個古樸的村莊無辜'或20世紀偉大的英國藝術家之一?
摘要
本論文的目的是研究斯坦利斯賓塞藝術家的生平和作品,并回答這個問題:是斯賓塞的一個古樸的村莊無辜'或20世紀偉大的英國藝術家之一?我將實現相結合的方法(他的生活和藝術的情節順序) ,基于案例研究(選擇整個職業生涯中,他的工作) ,社會歷史調查他的生活(斯賓塞他的同齡人比較) ,并得出結論我的發現。
介紹
斯坦利斯賓塞出生于1891年6月30日在位于Cookham村,伯克希爾。他的父親威廉是一位風琴和音樂老師。在幼年時,他開發了一種對藝術的興趣,并就讀于梅登技術研究所在出席斯萊德學院(倫敦大學學院)于1908年之前。四年后,他展示了他的第一張畫約翰·多恩抵達天堂。
涉及斯賓塞參加第一次世界大戰之后的生活,結婚兩次(一次一個女同志) ,鬧離婚,父親的兩個女兒,成為皇家學院的聯營公司,被授予CBE ,然后接受他的爵位。在他的生活中仍然存在兩個常數;他出生的村莊,位于Cookham他的愛,他酷愛繪畫。
斯賓塞的田園詩般的鄉村生活的熱愛是顯而易見的,從他的天在斯萊德學校其他學生嘲笑他,稱他位于Cookham “由于頻繁的故事,他心愛的村,而事實上,他回到家里天天有。這個村莊標簽保持與他的整個職業生涯,并于1959年去世后,他的長。在他2001年的展會在英國泰特的回顧,藝術收藏家和作家的Pernilla霍姆斯寫道:“斯賓塞經常跨越作為一個古樸的村莊無辜,密不可分英格蘭小城鎮。 ”是這真正的藝術家的反思生活和他的作品嗎?在這篇論文中,我從我的研究得出自己的結論。
在我的博士論文的章節標記斯賓塞的生命的不同階段,但每一個包括當時他畫的畫布:
第一章 - 斯賓塞在校
一個棚子在他的花園的底部有他的早期教育教師與他的兩個姐妹,年輕的斯賓塞教授傳統的家庭價值觀。他的父親是一個音樂家,這有助于年輕的男孩養成熱愛藝術,藝術家多蘿西·貝利的幫助下,開花的東西。參加斯萊德學校本身是一個成就,但然后黯然失色他到皇家科學院接受。在本章中,我將看看在早期斯賓塞的工作和他的社會發展的影響。
第二章 - 斯賓塞戰爭
斯賓塞在第一次世界大戰期間在皇家陸軍醫療部隊在博福特醫院,布里斯托爾有秩序的從1915年7月入伍。在1916年8月,他被派往馬其頓之前,在1917年8月加入步兵。在戰爭期間,他的社會現實主義的畫作帶回家戰爭的后果。當第二次世界大戰開始于1939年, 47歲的畫家委托戰爭藝術家咨詢委員會造船油漆場景,利特高的院子里,格拉斯哥港,以提高國家的士氣。
第三章 - 斯賓塞在愛
對于一個男人已經被貼上了“村無辜的' ,他的感情生活幾乎是超現實的。他結過兩次婚,一旦到一個女同志誰把他扔了他的房子,生活與她的情人。在他的第二次婚姻,他與藝術家達芙妮查爾頓的有了外遇,而留在她(丈夫的)房子。斯賓塞的關系是肯定和有趣的洞察他的作品: “他的發現的性別,他希爾達卡萊恩,他花心的愿望帕特里夏·普里斯,他從希爾達的離婚,他感覺可怕的損失超過希爾達,他帕特里夏的隔閡,他的親戚的婚姻貧窮和無家可歸(無家可歸者) - 所有這些沉淀的一種危機意識。 “斯賓塞總是意味著他的人畫的肖像,是耐人尋味的,怎么看他的眼光不僅改變了他的戀人,但也他自己。
第四章 - 斯賓塞宮
斯坦利斯賓塞CBE爵士RA提問。 D.利特。于1959年去世,但在此之前他的生活慶祝了各種榮譽,最重要的是他的爵位。這并沒有改變他的個性和報道,最喜歡的夢想家: “...... Spencer是英國也有很大的偏心時,他被授以爵位太后,他拿了一瓶牛奶和一些Tate&Lyle的方糖茶葉與他在一個塑料袋。 “這一章將著眼于斯賓塞認為他的公共。
第五章 - 斯賓塞:村無辜或前衛的天才嗎?
通過各個時期寫關于他的生活,我希望,我已經介紹了他的工作,他的思想和他的個性,足以回答有名無實的問題;村無辜的還是前衛的天才嗎?
時間計劃
我將在三年期間計劃完成這篇論文。期一會的時候,我花了采購的標的物。這將發生在圖書館,美術館,在互聯網上一趟斯賓塞的家位于Cookham村(斯坦利斯賓塞博物館) 。整理數據后,我將走上期間兩個,這將涉及到閱讀盡可能多的信息盡可能票據分揀到相應的章節。最后期限將被實際撰寫論文,直到我很高興,我可以回答這個問題。
對于我的研究,我將采購斯坦利斯賓塞,他的作品,他的生活和他的關系處理的各種書籍。參考書目列出了一些我需要完成這篇論文的書籍:
參考書目
艾莉森簡[ ED ] (1991 )斯坦利斯賓塞:愛藝術圖書國際神化
貝爾,基思(1993 )斯坦利斯賓塞:哈里N.艾布拉姆斯的作品一個完整的產品目錄
戰爭Faber和法貝爾縱梁,理查德·斯坦利斯賓塞( 1978年)
奈杰爾·考索恩(2004)性生活的偉大的藝術家朊病毒圖書有限公司
基督徒,約翰[ ED ] (1998)最后的浪漫主義者:在英國藝術的浪漫傳統 - 伯恩 - 瓊斯以赤柱斯賓塞隆德漢弗萊斯
科利斯,路易絲(1972)斯坦利斯賓塞海涅曼個人觀點
科利斯,莫里斯(1962)斯坦利斯賓塞:傳記哈維爾
庫珀( 1994年) ,艾曼紐性別視角:同性戀和藝術在過去100年在西勞特利奇
GLEW ,阿德里安(2001)斯坦利·斯賓塞,信件,著作,
戈加蒂,保羅(2003)水道:奧德賽由Narrowboat通過英國的水路羅布森圖書有限公司
高夫(2006年) ,保羅斯坦利斯賓塞:西游Burghclere桑瑟姆的公司
豪瑟(2001) ,吉蒂斯坦利斯賓塞普林斯頓大學出版社
海曼,蒂莫西·賴特,帕特里克· [ EDS ] (2001)赤柱斯賓塞大老出版
海斯,科林(1964)剪貼簿圖紙斯坦利斯賓塞獅子與獨角獸的
小弗蘭克帕特里齊奧A. (1994 )拉票克萊德斯坦利斯賓塞船廠格拉斯哥博物館
洛夫特豪斯,理查德· A. (2005)現代藝術生機ç 1900年至1950年:奧托·迪克斯,斯坦利斯賓塞,最大貝克曼和雅各布愛潑斯坦埃德溫·梅倫出版社
麥卡錫,菲奧娜士丹利斯賓塞:英語視覺耶魯大學出版社(1998)
尼爾,漢娜(2002)斯坦利斯賓塞:愛,欲望,信仰艾博特美術館大廳
內斯比特,朱迪思(1992)斯坦利斯賓塞:排序天堂泰特出版
波普爾,肯尼斯(1996)斯坦利斯賓塞:生活HarperCollins出版社
普賴爾,威廉[ ED ] ( 2006)位于Cookham和Gwen :完整的對應關系斯坦利斯賓塞爵士和Gwen Raverat的清除出版社有限公司
融洽,奈杰爾(2003)我是炸藥:安第斯人類學電力勞特利奇
羅伯茨, Miquette (2001)赤柱斯賓塞 - 教師泰特出版的注意事項
羅賓遜,鄧肯(1990)斯坦利斯賓塞費頓出版社
羅森斯坦,伊麗莎白(1962)斯坦利斯賓塞比弗布魯克報紙
羅森斯坦,約翰爵士[ ED ] (1979 )斯坦利斯賓塞人:通訊與回憶埃列克
斯賓塞,吉爾伯特斯坦利斯賓塞(1991年)由他的弟弟吉爾伯特紅崖出版社
斯賓塞,赤柱(2001)斯坦利斯賓塞:信件,著作泰特出版
斯賓塞,赤柱的克萊德(2002)男士:斯坦利斯賓塞港格拉斯哥蘇格蘭國家美術館的愿景
斯賓塞,赤柱(1983 ) à查托和溫達斯Almanack查托和溫達斯
艾莉森·托馬斯和威爾考克斯,蒂莫西· [ EDS ] (1999)希爾達卡萊恩:真正的StanleySpencer夫人隆德漢弗萊斯
Wilenski ,雷金納德·霍華德(1951)斯坦利斯賓塞:復活圖片菲比

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